|John Locke, Concerning Civil Government
||[Dec. 31st, 2012|03:50 pm]
John Locke, a British thinker, gave the United States its constitution and form of government. There are direct quotes in the Declaration of Independence from Locke's essay, including "When a train of abuses....etc" about the king of England during the Revolution in American, and "the right to life, liberty, and private property," which was reinterpreted by Jefferson in the Declaration, "Life liberty and the pursuit of happiness." |
I watched that Will Smith movie "The Pursuit of Happyness" in which Will Smith proceeded to try to explain why Jefferson said the "pursuit" of happiness, meaning maybe happiness is something that is never really attained to and rather merely pursued all ones life until one dies.
Locke referred to a "law of Nature" or a "law of God" that gave men rights and liberties by "nature" and not imposed on them by governments or rulers. These liberties included enacting governments that included different branches, the most important being the law-making branch or legislative. This legislative branch should make laws that pursue the good of the common people and protect the rights of the commonwealth or community.
In the end, Locke says that if no appeal can be made to rulers or governments by those inflicted by unjust parties, then appeal should be made to Heaven. That God, the ruler and judge of all, should be appealed to for the making right of grievances done by rulers and ruled alike.